SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|12 Months Ended|
Feb. 02, 2019
|BASIS OF PRESENTATION|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Description of Business
The Michaels Companies, Inc. owns and operates specialty retail stores in 49 states and Canada featuring arts, crafts, framing, floral, home décor and seasonal merchandise for the hobbyist and do-it-yourself home decorator. All expressions of the “Company”, “us”, “we”, “our”, and all similar expressions are references to The Michaels Companies, Inc. and our consolidated, wholly-owned subsidiaries, unless otherwise expressly stated or the context otherwise requires. Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of The Michaels Companies, Inc. and our wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Michaels Stores, Inc. (“MSI”) is headquartered in Irving, Texas and was incorporated in the state of Delaware in 1983. In July 2013, MSI was reorganized into a holding company structure and The Michaels Companies, Inc. was incorporated in the state of Delaware in connection with the reorganization.
We report on the basis of a 52-week or 53-week fiscal year, which ends on the Saturday closest to January 31. All references to fiscal year mean the year in which that fiscal year began. References to “fiscal 2018” relate to the 52 weeks ended February 2, 2019, references to “fiscal 2017” relate to the 53 weeks ended February 3, 2018 and references to “fiscal 2016” relate to the 52 weeks ended January 28, 2017.
The Company’s Board of Directors has authorized the issuance of 50.0 million shares of preferred stock under The Michaels Companies, Inc. Certificate of Incorporation. No preferred shares have been issued as of February 2, 2019.
Share Repurchase Program
In September 2018, the Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program for the Company to purchase $500.0 million of the Company’s common stock on the open market or through accelerated share repurchase transactions. The share repurchase program does not have an expiration date, and the timing and number of repurchase transactions under the program will depend on market conditions, corporate considerations, debt agreements and regulatory requirements. Shares repurchased under the program are held as treasury shares until retired. In June 2018, the Company entered into an accelerated share repurchase agreement (“ASR Agreement”) with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (“JPMorgan”). Under the ASR Agreement, we paid JPMorgan a purchase price of $250.0 million for delivery of 12.4 million shares of our common stock. The total number of shares repurchased was based upon a volume weighted average price of our stock over a predetermined period. The ASR agreement was completed on August 30, 2018. During fiscal 2018, we repurchased 24.6 million shares under our share repurchase programs for an aggregate amount of $451.9 million, inclusive of the ASR Agreement. As of February 2, 2019, we had $398.4 million of availability remaining under our current share repurchase program.
The functional currency of our Canadian operations is the Canadian dollar. Translation adjustments result from translating our Canadian subsidiaries’ financial statements into U.S. dollars. Balance sheet accounts are generally translated at exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. Income statement accounts are translated at average exchange rates during the year. Translation adjustments are recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income in our consolidated statements of stockholders’ deficit. The translation adjustments recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of taxes, was a loss of $6.2 million in fiscal 2018, and gains of $10.6 million and $7.8 million in fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016, respectively. Transaction gains and losses are recorded as a part of other (income) expense, net in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income and were immaterial for all fiscal periods presented.
Cash and Equivalents
Cash and equivalents are comprised of cash, money market mutual funds and short-term interest bearing securities with original maturities of three months or less. Cash and equivalents also include proceeds due from credit card transactions with settlement terms of less than five days. The carrying amount of cash equivalents approximates fair value due to the short-term maturity of those instruments.
Merchandise inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market, with cost determined using a weighted-average method. Cost is calculated based upon the purchase price of an item at the time it is received by us and also includes the cost of warehousing, handling, purchasing, and importing, as well as inbound and outbound transportation, partially offset by vendor allowances. This net inventory cost is recognized through cost of sales when the inventory is sold. It is impractical for us to assign specific allocated overhead costs and vendor allowances to individual units of inventory. As such, to match net inventory costs against the related revenues, we estimate the net inventory costs to be deferred and recognized each period as the inventory is sold.
We utilize perpetual inventory records to value inventory in our stores. Physical inventory counts are performed in a significant number of stores during each fiscal quarter by a third-party inventory counting service, with substantially all stores open longer than one year subject to at least one count each fiscal year. We adjust our perpetual records based on the results of the physical counts. We maintain a provision for estimated shrinkage based on the actual historical results of our physical inventories. We compare our estimates to the actual results of the physical inventory counts as they are taken and adjust the shrink estimates accordingly.
Vendor allowances, which primarily represent volume rebates and cooperative advertising funds, are recorded as a reduction to the cost of the merchandise inventories and a subsequent reduction in cost of sales when the inventory is sold. We generally earn vendor allowances as a percentage of certain merchandise purchases with no minimum purchase requirements. We recognized vendor allowances of $74.6 million, or 1.4% of net sales, in fiscal 2018, $84.9 million, or 1.6% of net sales, in fiscal 2017, and $83.1 million, or 1.6% of net sales, in fiscal 2016.
We routinely identify merchandise that requires some price reduction to accelerate sales of the product. The need for this reduction is generally attributable to clearance of seasonal merchandise or product that is being displaced from its assigned location in the store to make room for new merchandise. Additional stock keeping units (“SKUs”) that are candidates for repricing are identified using our perpetual inventory data. In each case, the appropriate repricing is determined centrally at our store support center. Price changes are transmitted electronically to the store and instructions are provided to our stores regarding product placement, signage and display to ensure the product is effectively cleared.
We also evaluate our merchandise to ensure that the expected net realizable value of the merchandise held at the end of a fiscal period exceeds cost. In the event that the expected net realizable value is less than cost, we reduce the value of that inventory accordingly.
Accounts Receivable, net
Accounts receivable consist primarily of trade receivables related to our international wholesale business, amounts due from certain service providers and amounts due from taxing authorities. The Company assesses the collectability of all receivables on an ongoing basis and establishes an allowance for doubtful accounts, if necessary. Factors such as payment terms, historical loss experience and economic conditions are generally considered in determining the allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts was immaterial for all fiscal periods presented in the consolidated financial statements.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment is recorded at cost. Depreciation is recorded on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. We expense repairs and maintenance costs as incurred. We capitalize and depreciate significant renewals or betterments that substantially extend the life of the asset. Useful lives are generally estimated as follows:
Capitalized Software Costs
We capitalize certain costs related to the acquisition and development of internal use software that is expected to benefit future periods. We also capitalize certain implementation costs related to the development of hosting arrangements. These costs are being amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life or the term of the hosting arrangement. As of February 2, 2019 and February 3, 2018, we had unamortized capitalized software costs of $96.3 million and $90.0 million, respectively. These amounts are included in property and equipment, net in the consolidated balance sheets. Amortization expense related to capitalized software costs totaled $31.2 million, $29.1 million and $29.9 million in fiscal 2018, fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016, respectively.
Goodwill and Other Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets
Under the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other, we review goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment each year in the fourth quarter, or more frequently if events occur which indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. We performed a qualitative assessment for our Michaels-U.S. reporting unit to determine whether it is more likely than not (that is, a likelihood of more than 50 percent) that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value, including goodwill. Factors used in our qualitative assessment include, but are not limited to, macroeconomic conditions, industry and market conditions, cost factors, overall financial performance and Company and reporting unit specific events. For all other reporting units, we estimated the fair value of each reporting unit using the present value of future cash flows expected to be generated using a weighted-average cost of capital, terminal values and updated financial projections for the next five years, all of which are Level 3 fair value inputs. As a result of the closure of all 36 Pat Catan’s stores in fiscal 2018, we recorded impairment charges of $7.0 million and $2.5 million related to Pat Catan’s goodwill and certain product tradenames, respectively. There were no impairments recorded for fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016 in the consolidated financial statements. If our actual results are not consistent with the estimates and assumptions used to calculate fair value, we could be required to recognize additional impairments in a future period.
Long-lived assets other than goodwill and assets with indefinite lives, such as property and equipment and intangible assets subject to amortization, are evaluated for indicators of impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. Our evaluation compares the carrying value of the assets with their estimated future undiscounted cash flows. If it is determined that an impairment loss has occurred, the loss would be recognized based on the estimated fair value of the assets. Our impairment analysis contains management assumptions about key variables including sales, growth rate, gross margin, payroll and other controllable expenses. If actual results differ from these estimates, we may be exposed to additional impairment losses that may be material. As a result of our impairment review, there were no material impairment charges recorded in the fiscal periods presented in the consolidated financial statements.
Restructure Charges and Reserve for Closed Facilities
In March 2018, we made the decision to close substantially all of our Aaron Brothers stores and in January 2019 we closed all 36 of our Pat Catan’s stores. As a result of the closures, we recorded restructure charges of $98.9 million in fiscal 2018. The restructure charges are primarily related to the transfer of the rights to sell inventory and other assets to a third party to facilitate the store closures and assist with the disposition of our remaining lease obligations, the impairment of goodwill and employee-related expenses. We believe restructuring activities will be substantially completed in fiscal 2019 and expect to record additional charges of approximately $6 million.
In addition, we recorded $5.3 million of employee-related charges as a result of certain organizational changes made to streamline our operations at our corporate support center.
For fiscal 2018 and fiscal 2017, Aaron Brothers net sales totaled $12.9 million and $110.4 million, respectively, and Pat Catan’s net sales totaled $109.6 million and $113.4 million, respectively. Excluding the restructure charges, Aaron Brothers and Pat Catan’s did not have a material impact on the Company’s operating income in all fiscal periods presented in the consolidated financial statements.
We maintain a reserve for future rental obligations, carrying costs and other closing costs related to closed facilities, which consists primarily of closed and relocated stores. In accordance with ASC 420, Exit or Disposal Cost Obligations, we recognize exit costs for any store closures at the time the store is closed.
The cost of closing a store or facility is recorded at the estimated fair value of expected cash flows which we calculate as the present value of future rental obligations remaining under the lease (less estimated sublease rental income) or the lease termination fee (if an executed termination agreement exists). The determination of the reserves is dependent on our ability to make reasonable estimates of costs to be incurred after closure and of rental income to be received from subleases.
The following is activity related to closed facilities (in thousands):
We have insurance coverage for losses in excess of self-insurance limits for medical claims, general liability and workers’ compensation claims. Our liability represents an estimate of the ultimate cost of claims incurred as of the balance sheet dates. The estimated liability is not discounted and is established based upon analysis of historical data and actuarial estimates. While we believe these estimates are reasonable based on the information currently available, if actual trends, including the severity or frequency of claims, medical cost inflation, or fluctuations in premiums differ from our estimates, our results of operations could be impacted.
Revenue from sales of our merchandise is recognized when the customer takes possession of the merchandise. Revenue is measured based on the amount of consideration that we expect to receive, reduced by estimates for return allowances, point-of-sale coupons and discounts. Revenue also excludes any amounts collected on behalf of third parties, including sales tax. Sales related to custom framing are recognized when the order is picked up by the customer. We allow for merchandise to be returned under most circumstances up to 180 days after purchase and provide a reserve for estimated returns. We use historical customer return behavior to estimate our reserve requirements.
We record a gift card liability on the date we issue the gift card to the customer. We record revenue and reduce the gift card liability as the customer redeems the gift card or when the likelihood of redemption by the customer is remote (“gift card breakage”). We estimate gift card breakage using the expected value method based on customers’ historical redemption rates and patterns. Gift card breakage income is recorded in net sales in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income over the estimated redemption period. The gift card liability is included in accrued liabilities and other in the consolidated balance sheets.
Costs of Sales and Occupancy Expense
The costs of merchandise sales are expensed as the merchandise is sold. Included in our costs of sales are the following:
Occupancy expenses are recognized in the period in which they are incurred. Included in our occupancy expenses are the following:
Rent is recognized on a straight-line basis, including consideration of rent holidays, tenant improvement allowances received from the landlords and applicable rent escalations over the term of the lease. The commencement date of the lease term is the earlier of the date when we become legally obligated for the rent payments or the date when we take possession of the building for construction purposes.
Selling, General and Administrative
Included in selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) are store personnel costs, store operating expenses, advertising, store depreciation and corporate overhead costs. Advertising costs are expensed in the period in which the advertising first occurs. Advertising costs totaled $194.9 million, $200.1 million and $194.6 million in fiscal 2018, fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016, respectively.
Store Pre-Opening Costs
We expense all start-up activity costs as incurred. Store pre-opening costs consist primarily of payroll-related costs incurred prior to the store opening.
We record income tax expense using the liability method and are subject to income tax in many jurisdictions, including the U.S., numerous states and localities, Canada, and other foreign countries. Income taxes payable or receivable are recorded for tax liabilities or refunds reflected on filed, or expected to be filed, tax returns. Deferred income taxes arise from temporary differences between amounts recorded in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income and the tax bases of assets and liabilities measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates is recognized as income tax expense or benefit in the period of the enactment date. Deferred tax assets, including the benefit of net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards, are evaluated based on the guidelines for realization and are reduced by a valuation allowance if it is deemed more likely than not that such assets will not be realized.
We recognize the income tax benefit from an uncertain tax position when it is more likely than not that, based on technical merits, the position will be sustained upon examination, including resolutions of any related appeals or litigation processes. We recognize accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as a component of income tax expense.
ASC 718, Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”), requires all share-based compensation to employees, including grants of employee stock options and restricted shares, to be recognized using the fair value method of accounting. Share-based awards are recognized ratably over the requisite service period or over the estimated time to achieve predetermined financial and operational performance targets.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted
In October 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2018-16, “Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Inclusion of the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) Overnight Index Swap (OIS) Rate as a Benchmark Interest Rate for Hedge Accounting Purposes” (“ASU 2018-16”). ASU 2018-16 allows for the use of the Overnight Index Swap ("OIS") rate based on the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR") as a U.S. benchmark interest rate for purposes of applying hedge accounting under ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging. ASU 2018-16 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. We adopted ASU 2018-16 in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 on a prospective basis. Its adoption did not have a material impact to the consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other-Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That is a Service Contract” (“ASU 2018-15”). ASU 2018-15 aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal-use software license). ASU 2018-15 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that reporting period, with early adoption permitted. The standard is to be applied either retrospectively or prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. We adopted ASU 2018-15 in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 on a prospective basis. Its adoption did not have a material impact to the consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement” (“ASU 2018-13”). ASU 2018-13 removes, modifies and adds certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements under ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements (“ASC 820”). ASU 2018-13 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that reporting period, with early adoption permitted. We adopted ASU 2018-13 in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 on a prospective basis. Its adoption did not have a material impact to the consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-04, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment” (“ASU 2017-04”). ASU 2017-04 simplifies the measurement of goodwill impairment by removing the second step of the goodwill impairment test, which requires the determination of the fair value of individual assets and liabilities of a reporting unit. Under ASU 2017-04, goodwill impairment is to be measured as the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value with the loss recognized not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. ASU 2017-04 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed after January 1, 2017. We adopted ASU 2017-04 in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 on a prospective basis. Its adoption did not have a material impact to the consolidated financial statements.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“ASU 2014‑09”). ASU 2014-09 supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in “Revenue Recognition (Topic 605)” and requires entities to recognize revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net)” which is intended to improve the operability and understandability of the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations. In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing” which provides further guidance on identifying performance obligations and improves the operability and understandability of the licensing implementation guidance. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients” which narrowly amended the revenue recognition guidance regarding collectability, noncash consideration, presentation of sales tax and transition. We used the modified retrospective transition method to adopt ASU 2014-09 in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 with no adjustments required to our opening retained earnings. The adoption did not have a material impact to the consolidated financial statements.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)" ("ASU 2016-02"). Under ASU 2016‑02, an entity will be required to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on its balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. ASU 2016-02 offers specific accounting guidance for a lessee, a lessor and sale and leaseback transactions. Lessees and lessors are required to disclose qualitative and quantitative information about leasing arrangements to enable a user of the financial statements to assess the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The lease standard requires companies to use a modified retrospective transition approach as of the beginning of the earliest comparable period presented in the company’s financial statements. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, “Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements” which provided an additional transition option that allows companies to continue applying the guidance under the current lease standard in the comparative periods presented in the consolidated financial statements. The Company has elected to adopt this transition option and will record a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings on the date of adoption. The guidance under these standards is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that reporting period, with early adoption permitted. We have concluded our assessment and will be adopting these standards in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. We expect the adoption of the new standard to result in the recording of right of use assets and lease liabilities of approximately $1.7 billion. We do not expect a material impact on our consolidated statements of comprehensive income or our consolidated statements of cash flows once implemented.
The entire disclosure for the general note to the financial statements for the reporting entity which may include, descriptions of the basis of presentation, business description, significant accounting policies, consolidations, reclassifications, new pronouncements not yet adopted and changes in accounting principles.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef