SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|12 Months Ended|
Feb. 01, 2020
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Description of Business
The Michaels Companies, Inc. owns and operates specialty retail stores in 49 states and Canada featuring arts, crafts, framing, floral, home décor and seasonal merchandise for the hobbyist and do-it-yourself home decorator. All expressions of the “Company”, “us”, “we”, “our”, and all similar expressions are references to The Michaels Companies, Inc. and our consolidated, wholly-owned subsidiaries, unless otherwise expressly stated or the context otherwise requires. Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of The Michaels Companies, Inc. and our wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Michaels Stores, Inc. (“MSI”) is headquartered in Irving, Texas and was incorporated in the state of Delaware in 1983. In July 2013, MSI was reorganized into a holding company structure and The Michaels Companies, Inc. was incorporated in the state of Delaware in connection with the reorganization.
We report on the basis of a 52-week or 53-week fiscal year, which ends on the Saturday closest to January 31. All references to fiscal year mean the year in which that fiscal year began. References to “fiscal 2019” relate to the 52 weeks ended February 1, 2020, references to “fiscal 2018” relate to the 52 weeks ended February 2, 2019 and references to “fiscal 2017” relate to the 53 weeks ended February 3, 2018.
The Company’s Board of Directors has authorized the issuance of 50 million shares of preferred stock under The Michaels Companies, Inc. Certificate of Incorporation. preferred shares have been issued as of February 1, 2020.
Share Repurchase Program
In September 2018, the Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program for the Company to purchase $500 million of the Company’s common stock on the open market or through accelerated share repurchase transactions. The share repurchase program does not have an expiration date, and the timing and number of repurchase transactions under the program will depend on market conditions, corporate considerations, debt agreements and regulatory requirements. Shares repurchased under the program are held as treasury shares until retired. During fiscal 2019, we repurchased 11.6 million shares for an aggregate amount of $105.1 million. As of February 1, 2020, we had $293.5 million of availability remaining under our current share repurchase program.
The functional currency of our Canadian operations is the Canadian dollar. Translation adjustments result from translating our Canadian subsidiaries’ financial statements into U.S. dollars. Balance sheet accounts are generally translated at exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. Income statement accounts are translated at average exchange rates during the year. Translation adjustments are recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income in our consolidated statements of stockholders’ deficit. The translation adjustments recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of taxes, were losses of $0.7 million and $6.2 million in fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018, respectively, and a gain of $10.6 million in fiscal 2017. Transaction gains and losses are recorded as a part of other expense (income), net in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income and were immaterial for all fiscal periods presented.
Cash and Equivalents
Cash and equivalents are comprised of cash, money market mutual funds and short-term interest bearing securities with original maturities of three months or less. Cash and equivalents also include proceeds due from credit card transactions with settlement terms of less than five days. The carrying amount of cash equivalents approximates fair value due to the short-term maturity of those instruments.
Merchandise inventories are valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value, with cost determined using a weighted-average method. Cost is calculated based upon the purchase price of an item at the time it is received by us and also includes the cost of warehousing, handling, purchasing, and importing, as well as inbound and outbound transportation, net of vendor allowances. Inventory cost is recognized through cost of sales when it is sold. It is impractical for us to assign overhead costs and vendor allowances to individual units of inventory. As such, to match inventory costs against the related revenues, we estimate the amount of overhead costs and vendor allowances to be deferred and recognized each period as the inventory is sold.
We utilize perpetual inventory records to value inventory in our stores. Physical inventory counts are performed in a significant number of stores during each fiscal quarter by a third-party inventory counting service, with substantially all stores open longer than one year subject to at least one count each fiscal year. We adjust our perpetual records based on the results of the physical counts. We maintain a provision for estimated shrinkage based on the actual historical results of our physical inventories. We compare our estimates to the actual results of the physical inventory counts as they are taken and adjust the shrink estimates accordingly.
Vendor allowances, which primarily represent volume rebates and cooperative advertising funds, are recorded as a reduction to the cost of the merchandise inventories and a subsequent reduction in cost of sales when the inventory is sold. We generally earn vendor allowances as a percentage of certain merchandise purchases with minimum purchase requirements. We recognized vendor allowances of $70.6 million, or 1.4% of net sales, in fiscal 2019, $74.6 million, or 1.4% of net sales, in fiscal 2018, and $84.9 million, or 1.6% of net sales, in fiscal 2017.
We routinely identify merchandise that requires some price reduction to accelerate sales of the product. The need for this reduction is generally attributable to clearance of seasonal merchandise or product that is being displaced from its assigned location in the store to make room for new merchandise. Additional stock keeping units (“SKUs”) that are candidates for repricing are identified using our perpetual inventory data. In each case, the appropriate repricing is determined centrally at our store support center. Price changes are transmitted electronically to the store and instructions are provided to our stores regarding product placement, signage and display to ensure the product is effectively cleared.
We also evaluate our merchandise to ensure that the expected net realizable value of the merchandise held at the end of a fiscal period exceeds cost. In the event that the expected net realizable value is less than cost, we reduce the value of that inventory accordingly.
Accounts Receivable, net
Accounts receivable consist primarily of trade receivables related to our international wholesale business, amounts due from certain service providers and amounts due from taxing authorities. The Company assesses the collectability of all receivables on an ongoing basis and establishes an allowance for doubtful accounts, if necessary. Factors such as payment terms, historical loss experience and economic conditions are generally considered in determining the allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts was immaterial for all fiscal periods presented in the consolidated financial statements.
As of February 1, 2020 and February 2, 2019, receivables from customers, which consist primarily of trade receivables related to our Darice wholesale business (“Darice”), were approximately $13.3 million and $32.1 million, respectively.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment is recorded at cost. Depreciation is recorded on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. We expense repairs and maintenance costs as incurred. We capitalize and depreciate significant renewals or betterments that substantially extend the life of the asset. Useful lives are generally estimated as follows:
Capitalized Software Costs
We capitalize certain costs related to the acquisition and development of internal use software that is expected to benefit future periods. We also capitalize certain implementation costs related to the development of hosting arrangements. These costs are being amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life or the term of the hosting arrangement. As of February 1, 2020 and February 2, 2019, we had unamortized capitalized software costs of $93.6 million and $96.3 million, respectively. These amounts are included in property and equipment, net in the consolidated balance sheets. Amortization expense related to capitalized software costs totaled $31.6 million, $31.2 million and $29.1 million in fiscal 2019, fiscal 2018 and fiscal 2017, respectively.
Long-lived assets (other than goodwill and assets with indefinite lives), such as property and equipment, operating lease assets and intangible assets subject to amortization, are evaluated for indicators of impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. Our evaluation compares the carrying value of the assets with their estimated future undiscounted cash flows. Our initial indicator that store assets, including operating lease assets, are considered to be recoverable is that the estimated undiscounted cash flows for the remaining lease term exceed the carrying value of the assets. If the evaluation indicates that the carrying value of the asset may not be recoverable, the potential impairment is measured based on a projected discounted cash flow method using assumptions about key store variables, including sales, growth rate, gross margin, payroll and other controllable expenses. The fair value of our operating lease assets are based on the present value of comparable market rents. If actual results differ from these estimates, we may be exposed to additional impairment losses that may be material.
Goodwill and Other Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets
We review goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment each year in the fourth quarter, or more frequently if events occur which indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. We performed a qualitative assessment for our Michaels-U.S. reporting unit to determine whether it is more likely than not (that is, a likelihood of more than 50 percent) that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value, including goodwill. Factors used in our qualitative assessment include, but are not limited to, macroeconomic conditions, industry and market conditions, cost factors, overall financial performance and Company and reporting unit specific events. For all other reporting units, we estimated the fair value of each reporting unit using the present value of future cash flows expected to be generated using a weighted-average cost of capital, terminal values and updated financial projections for the next five years, all of which are Level 3 fair value inputs. If our actual results are not consistent with the estimates and assumptions used to calculate fair value, we could be required to recognize additional impairments in a future period.
Restructure and Impairment Charges
In January 2019 and March 2018, we closed our Pat Catan’s and Aaron Brothers stores, respectively. As a result of the store closures, we recorded restructure charges of $8.2 million and $98.9 million in fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018, respectively. The restructure charges in fiscal 2019 are primarily related to employee-related expenses and the impairment of an indefinite-lived intangible asset. The restructure charges in fiscal 2018 primarily related to the transfer of the rights
to sell inventory and other assets to a third party to facilitate the store closures and assist with the disposition of our remaining lease obligations, the impairment of goodwill and employee-related expenses.
In addition, we recorded $5.3 million of employee-related charges in fiscal 2018 as a result of certain organizational changes made to streamline our operations at our corporate support center.
During fiscal 2018 and fiscal 2017, Aaron Brothers net sales totaled $12.9 million and $110.4 million, respectively, and Pat Catan’s net sales totaled $109.6 million and $113.4 million, respectively. Excluding the restructure charges, Aaron Brothers and Pat Catan’s did not have a material impact on the Company’s operating income in all fiscal periods presented in the consolidated financial statements.
During fiscal 2019, we identified impairment indicators within our Darice wholesale business that were primarily due to a deterioration in sales associated with overall declining demand from customers. These indicators led us to revise Darice’s forecasted sales downward and resulted in a significantly lower operating plan in fiscal 2019. As a result, we performed impairment tests on Darice’s goodwill, indefinite and definite-lived intangible assets and long-lived assets, including operating lease assets. As a result of this impairment testing, Darice recorded impairment charges of $40.1 million, consisting of $17.8 million related to goodwill, $14.4 million related to long-lived assets, including operating lease assets, and $7.9 million related to indefinite and definite-lived intangible assets. As of February 1, 2020, the carrying value of Darice’s operating lease assets, adjusted for the impairment charge, totaled $31.9 million. The carrying value of the remaining long-lived assets related to Darice, including intangible assets, are not material.
We have insurance coverage for losses in excess of self-insurance limits for medical claims, general liability and workers’ compensation claims. Our liability represents an estimate of the ultimate cost of claims incurred as of the balance sheet dates. The estimated liability is not discounted and is established based upon analysis of historical data and actuarial estimates. While we believe these estimates are reasonable based on the information currently available, if actual trends, including the severity or frequency of claims, medical cost inflation, or fluctuations in premiums differ from our estimates, our results of operations could be impacted.
Our revenue is primarily associated with sales of merchandise to customers within our stores, customers utilizing our e-commerce platforms and through our Darice wholesale business. Revenue from sales of our merchandise is recognized when the customer takes possession of the merchandise. Revenue is measured based on the amount of consideration that we expect to receive, reduced by estimates for return allowances, point-of-sale coupons and discounts. Revenue also excludes any amounts collected on behalf of third parties, including sales tax. Sales related to custom framing are recognized when the order is picked up by the customer. Payment for our retail sales is typically due at the time of the sale.
We allow for merchandise to be returned under most circumstances up to 180 days after purchase and provide a reserve for estimated returns. The sales return reserve is established using historical customer return behavior and reduces both revenue and cost of goods sold. The Company presents the gross sales return reserve in other current liabilities and the estimated value of the merchandise expected to be returned in prepaid expenses and other in the consolidated balance sheets.
We record a gift card liability on the date we issue the gift card to the customer. We record revenue and reduce the gift card liability as the customer redeems the gift card or when the likelihood of redemption by the customer is remote (“gift card breakage”). We estimate gift card breakage using the expected value method based on customers’ historical redemption rates and patterns. Gift card breakage income is recorded in net sales in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income over the estimated redemption period. The gift card liability is included in accrued liabilities and other in the consolidated balance sheets.
The following table includes activity related to gift cards (in thousands):
Costs of Sales and Occupancy Expense
The costs of merchandise sales are expensed as the merchandise is sold. Included in our costs of sales are the following:
Occupancy expenses are recognized in the period in which they are incurred. Included in our occupancy expenses are the following:
Selling, General and Administrative
Included in selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) are store personnel costs, store operating expenses, advertising, store depreciation and corporate overhead costs. Advertising costs are expensed in the period in which the advertising first occurs. Advertising costs totaled $190.0 million, $194.9 million and $200.1 million in fiscal 2019, fiscal 2018 and fiscal 2017, respectively.
Store Pre-Opening Costs
We expense all start-up activity costs as incurred. Store pre-opening costs consist primarily of payroll-related costs incurred prior to the store opening.
We record income tax expense using the liability method and are subject to income tax in many jurisdictions, including the U.S., numerous states and localities, Canada, and other foreign countries. Income taxes payable or receivable are recorded for tax liabilities or refunds reflected on filed, or expected to be filed, tax returns. Deferred income taxes arise
from temporary differences between amounts recorded in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income and the tax bases of assets and liabilities measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates is recognized as income tax expense or benefit in the period of the enactment date. Deferred tax assets, including the benefit of net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards, are evaluated based on the guidelines for realization and are reduced by a valuation allowance if it is deemed more likely than not that such assets will not be realized.
We recognize the income tax expense on global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”) earned by our foreign subsidiaries in the year the tax is incurred. We recognize the income tax benefit from an uncertain tax position when it is more likely than not that, based on technical merits, the position will be sustained upon examination, including resolutions of any related appeals or litigation processes. We recognize accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as a component of income tax expense.
ASC 718, Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”), requires all share-based compensation to employees, including grants of employee stock options and restricted shares, to be recognized using the fair value method of accounting. Share-based awards are recognized ratably over the requisite service period or over the estimated time to achieve predetermined financial and operational performance targets.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)” ("ASU 2016-02"). Under ASU 2016-02, an entity is required to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on its balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. ASU 2016-02 offers specific accounting guidance for a lessee, a lessor and sale and leaseback transactions. Lessees and lessors are required to disclose qualitative and quantitative information about leasing arrangements to enable a user of the financial statements to assess the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The lease standard requires companies to use a modified retrospective transition approach as of the beginning of the earliest comparable period presented in the company’s financial statements. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, “Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements” which provided an additional transition option that allows companies to continue applying the guidance under the previous lease standard in the comparative periods presented in the consolidated financial statements. We utilized the additional transition option to adopt ASU 2016-02 in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. As a result, the standard was applied starting February 3, 2019 and prior periods were not restated. We also elected the practical expedient permitted under the transition guidance which permits companies not to reassess prior conclusions on lease identification, historical lease classification and initial direct costs. The adoption of the standard resulted in the recognition of operating lease assets and of approximately $1.7 billion as of February 3, 2019. The adoption did not result in a material impact on our consolidated statements of comprehensive income.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes” (“ASU 2019-12”), which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. ASU 2019-12 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. We do not anticipate a material impact to the consolidated financial statements once implemented.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326)” (“ASU 2016-13”) which makes significant changes to the accounting for credit losses on financial assets and disclosures. The standard requires immediate recognition of management’s estimates of current expected credit losses. ASU 2016-13 is effective for
annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. ASU 2016-13 permits only a modified retrospective approach without restatement. We do not anticipate a material impact to the consolidated financial statements once implemented.
The entire disclosure for the general note to the financial statements for the reporting entity which may include, descriptions of the basis of presentation, business description, significant accounting policies, consolidations, reclassifications, new pronouncements not yet adopted and changes in accounting principles.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef